Setting Hibernate Environment

Setting Hibernate Environment
  • To work with hibernate framework we need to add .jar(s) files provided by that framework to our java application.
  • No framework is installable software, it means we doesn’t contain any setup.exe
  • When we download any framework, we will get a ‘zip’ file and we need to unzip it, to get the required jar files, actually all frameworks will follow same common principles like
    • Framework will be in the form of a set of jar files, where one jar file acts as main (We can call this file as core) and remaining will acts as dependent jar files.
    • Each Framework contain at least one configuration XML file, but multiple configuration files also allowed.
  • We can download hibernate jar files from the following links. Based on requirement we can download the corresponding version.
For version 2.x (http://sourceforge.net/projects/hibernate/files/hibernate2/) 
For version 3.x (http://sourceforge.net/proiects/hibernate/f1les/hibernate3/) 
For version 4.x (http://sourceforge.net/projects/hibernate/f1Ies/hibernate4/)
  • While downloading select .zip file for windows environment, select .tar file for Unix environment.
  • After downloading the zip file, unzip it and we can find the required jars in the extracted folder. If we consider 4.x version, we need the following jars to work with hibernate application.
antlr-2.7.7.jar
dom4j-1.6.1.jar
hibernate-commons-annotations-4.0.2.Final.jar
hibernate-core-4.2.4.Final.jar
hibernate-jpa-2.0-api-1.0.1.Final.jar
hibernate-jpa-2.0-api-1.0.1.Final.jar
javassist-3.15.0-GA.jar
jboss-logging-3.1.0.GA.jar
jboss-transaction-api_1.1_spec-1.0.1.Final.jar

Note

Along with the hibernate jars we must include one more jar file, which is nothing but related to our database, this is depending on your database. For example, if we are working with Oracle we need to add ojdbc6.jar.

Steps to develop hibernate applications
  • Develop persistent/domain/entity class for each table of the relational model
  • For each entity develop a mapping file
  • Develop the configuration file
  • Add hibernate framework jar files in the class path
  • Make use of hibernate API and perform persistent operations
How to make use of hibernate API to perform persistent operations

Step 1: Create Configuration object

Configuration configuration = new Configuration();

Step 2: Read configuration file along with mapping files using configure() method of Configuration Object

configuration.configure();

Step 3: Build a SessionFactory from Configuration

SessionFactory factory = configuration.buildSessionFactory();

Step 4: Get Session from SessionFactory object

Session session = factory.openSession();

Step 5: Create a logical transaction

While working with insert, update, delete operations from an hibernate application onto the database then hibernate needs a logical Transaction, if we are selecting an object from the database then we do not require any logical transaction in hibernate.  In order to begin a logical transaction in hibernate then we need to call a method beginTransaction() given by Session Interface.

Transaction tx = session.beginTransaction();

Step 6: Perform persistence operations

The Session interface provides methods to perform CRUD (Create Read Update Delete) operations on the instances of mapped entity classes. Perform transactions if require while performing DML operations. Session interface methods are

session.save(s)   - Inserting object β€˜s’ into database
session.update(s) - Updating object β€˜s’ in the database
session.load(s)   - Selecting objcet β€˜s’ object
session.delete(s) - Deleting object β€˜s’ from database

So finally we need to call commit() in Transaction, like tx.commit();

Step 7: Finally close the Session as session.close() and finally close the SessionFactory as sf.close().

Final flow will be

  1. Configuration
  2. SessionFactory
  3. Session
  4. Transaction
  5. Close Statements

Develop Hibernate application, in which we can perform account creation, retrieve, update and delete

MySQL Create Table Query

CREATE TABLE account (
  ACCNO int(10) NOT NULL,
  NAME varchar(45) NOT NULL,
  BAL dec(9,2) NOT NULL,
  CREATION_DATE date NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (ACCNO)
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

hibernate.cfg.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-configuration SYSTEM
"http://www.hibernate.org/dtd/hibernate-configuration-3.0.dtd">
<hibernate-configuration>
   <session-factory>
      <property name="hibernate.dialect">org.hibernate.dialect.MySQLDialect</property>
      <property name="hibernate.connection.driver_class">com.mysql.jdbc.Driver</property>
      <property name="hibernate.connection.url">jdbc:mysql://localhost/hibernate</property>
      <property name="hibernate.connection.username">root</property>
      <property name="hibernate.connection.password">ashok</property>

      <property name="hbm2ddl.auto">update</property>

      <mapping resource="com/ashok/hibernate/bean/Account.hbm.xml"/>
   </session-factory>
</hibernate-configuration>

SessionUtil.java

package com.ashok.hibernate.util;

import org.hibernate.Session;
import org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration;
/**
 * 
 * @author ashok.mariyala
 *
 */
public class SessionUtil {
   private static final ThreadLocal<Session> threadLocal = new ThreadLocal<Session>(); 
   private static org.hibernate.SessionFactory sessionFactory;
   static {
      try {
         sessionFactory= new Configuration()
         .configure("com/ashok/hibernate/config/hibernate.cfg.xml")
         .buildSessionFactory();
      } catch (Exception e) {
         e.printStackTrace();
      }
   }
   private SessionUtil() {
   }
   public static Session getThreadLocalSession() {
      Session session = (Session) threadLocal.get();
      session = sessionFactory.openSession();
      if (session == null) {   
         threadLocal.set(session); 
      }
      return session;
   }
   public static void closeThreadLocalSession() {
      Session session = (Session) threadLocal.get();
      threadLocal.set(null);
      if (session != null) {
         session.close();
      }
   }
   public static Session getSession() {   
      return sessionFactory.openSession();
   }
   public static void closeSession(Session session) {
      if (session != null) {
         session.close();
      }
   }
}

Account.java

package com.ashok.hibernate.bean;

import java.util.Date;
/**
 * 
 * @author ashok.mariyala
 *
 */
public class Account {
   private long accno;
   private String name;
   private double balance;
   private Date creationDate;

   public long getAccno() {
      return accno;
   }

   public void setAccno(long accno) {
      this.accno = accno;
   }

   public String getName() {
      return name;
   }

   public void setName(String name) {
      this.name = name;
   }

   public double getBalance() {
      return balance;
   }

   public void setBalance(double balance) {
      this.balance = balance;
   }

   public Date getCreationDate() {
      return creationDate;
   }

   public void setCreationDate(Date creationDate) {
      this.creationDate = creationDate;
   }

   @Override
   public String toString() {
      return "Account [accno=" + accno + ", name=" + name + ", balance="
            + balance + ", creationDate=" + creationDate + "]";
   }
}

Account.hbm.xml

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-mapping PUBLIC "-//Hibernate/Hibernate Mapping DTD 3.0//EN"
"http://hibernate.sourceforge.net/hibernate-mapping-3.0.dtd">
<hibernate-mapping>
   <class name="com.ashok.hibernate.bean.Account" table="account">
      <id name="accno" type="long">
         <column name="ACCNO" length="10" not-null="true"></column>
      </id>
      <property name="name" type="string">
         <column name="NAME" length="45" not-null="true"></column>
      </property>
      <property name="balance" type="double">
         <column name="BAL" precision="9" scale="2" not-null="true"></column>
      </property>
      <property name="creationDate " type="date">
         <column name="CREATION_DATE" not-null="true"></column>
      </property>
   </class>
</hibernate-mapping>

AccountDAO.java

package com.ashok.hibernate.dao;

import org.hibernate.HibernateException;
import org.hibernate.Session;
import org.hibernate.Transaction;

import com.ashok.hibernate.bean.Account;
import com.ashok.hibernate.util.SessionUtil;
/**
 * 
 * @author ashok.mariyala
 *
 */
public class AccountDAO {
   public Account get(long accno) {
      Session session = null;
      Account account = null;
      try {
         session = SessionUtil.getSession();
         account = (Account) session.get(Account.class, accno);
      } catch (HibernateException e) {
         e.printStackTrace();
      } finally {
         SessionUtil.closeSession(session);
      }
      SessionUtil.closeSession(session);
      return account;
   }

   public void insert(Account account) {
      Session session = null;
      try {
         session = SessionUtil.getSession();
         session.getTransaction().begin();
         session.save(account);
         session.getTransaction().commit();
      } catch (HibernateException e) {
         session.getTransaction().rollback();
         e.printStackTrace();
      } finally {
         SessionUtil.closeSession(session);
      }
   }

   public void update(Account account) {
      Session session = null;
      try {
         session = SessionUtil.getSession();
         session.getTransaction().begin();
         session.update(account);
         session.getTransaction().commit();
      } catch (HibernateException e) {
         session.getTransaction().rollback();
         e.printStackTrace();
      } finally {
         SessionUtil.closeSession(session);
      }
   }

   public void delete(long accno) {
      Session session = null;
      Transaction transaction = null;
      try {
         session = SessionUtil.getSession();
         transaction = session.beginTransaction();
         Account account = (Account) session.get(Account.class, accno);
         session.delete(account);
         transaction.commit();
      } catch (HibernateException e) {
         transaction.rollback();
         e.printStackTrace();
      } finally {
         SessionUtil.closeSession(session);
      }
   }
}

AccountService.java

package com.ashok.hibernate.service;

import java.util.Date;
import com.ashok.hibernate.bean.Account;
import com.ashok.hibernate.dao.AccountDAO;
/**
 * 
 * @author ashok.mariyala
 *
 */
public class AccountService {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      AccountDAO dao = new AccountDAO();

      // Retrieve Account
      Account rAccount = dao.get(90001);
      System.out.println("Account details ....");
      System.out.println("Accno : " + rAccount.getAccno());
      System.out.println("Name : " + rAccount.getName());
      System.out.println("Balance : " + rAccount.getBalance());
      System.out.println("Creation Date: " + rAccount.getCreationDate());

      // Create Account
      Account cAccount = new Account();
      cAccount.setAccno(90005);
      cAccount.setName("Ashok");
      cAccount.setBalance(6899);
      cAccount.setCreationDate(new Date());
      dao.insert(cAccount);
      System.out.println("Account created successfully");

      // Update Account
      Account uAccount = new Account();
      uAccount.setAccno(90003);
      uAccount.setName("Ashok Kumar");
      uAccount.setBalance(4500);
      uAccount.setCreationDate(new Date());
      dao.update(uAccount);
      System.out.println("Account updated successfully");

      // Delete Account
      dao.delete(90002);
      System.out.println("Account is deleted successfully");
   }
}

Rewrite the above application, using annotations instead of mapping fileΒ 

hibernate.cfg.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-configuration SYSTEM
"http://www.hibernate.org/dtd/hibernate-configuration-3.0.dtd">
<hibernate-configuration>
   <session-factory>
      <property name="hibernate.dialect">org.hibernate.dialect.MySQLDialect</property>
      <property name="hibernate.connection.driver_class">com.mysql.jdbc.Driver</property>
      <property name="hibernate.connection.url">jdbc:mysql://localhost/hibernate</property>
      <property name="hibernate.connection.username">root</property>
      <property name="hibernate.connection.password">ashok</property>
 
      <property name="hbm2ddl.auto">update</property>
 
      <mapping class="com/ashok/hibernate/bean/Account"/>
   </session-factory>
</hibernate-configuration>

SessionUtil.java

package com.ashok.hibernate.util;

import org.hibernate.Session;
import org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration;
/**
 * 
 * @author ashok.mariyala
 *
 */
public class SessionUtil {
   private static final ThreadLocal<Session> threadLocal = new ThreadLocal<Session>();
   private static org.hibernate.SessionFactory sessionFactory;
   static {
      try {
         sessionFactory= new AnnotationConfiguration()
         .configure("com/ashok/hibernate/config/hibernate.cfg.xml")
         .buildSessionFactory();
      } catch (Exception e) {
         e.printStackTrace();
      }
   }
   private SessionUtil() {
   }
   public static Session getThreadLocalSession() {
      Session session = (Session) threadLocal.get();
      session = sessionFactory.openSession();
      if (session == null) {
         threadLocal.set(session);
      }
    return session;
   }
   
   public static void closeThreadLocalSession() {
      Session session = (Session) threadLocal.get();
      threadLocal.set(null);
      if (session != null) {
         session.close();
      }
   }

   public static Session getsession() {
      return sessionFactory.openSession();
   }

   public static void closeSession(Session session) {
      if (session != null) {
         session.close();
      }
   }
}

Account.java

package com.ashok.hibernate.bean;

import javax.persistence.*;
import java.util.Date;

/**
 * 
 * @author ashok.mariyala
 *
 */
@Entity
@Table(name="ACCOUNT")
public class Account {
   private long accno;
   private String name;
   private double balance;
   private Date creationDate;

   @Id
   @Column(name = "ACCNO", nullable =true, length=10)
   public long getAccno() {
      return accno;
   }
   public void setAccno(long accno) {
      this.accno = accno;
   }

   @Column(name = "NAME", nullable =true, length=45)
   public String getName() {
      return name;
   }
   public void setName(String name) {
      this.name = name;
   }
  
   @Column(name = "BAL", nullable =true, precision="9", scale="2")
   public double getBalance() {
      return balance;
   }
   public void setBalance(double balance) {
      this.balance = balance;
   }

   @Temporal(TemporalType.DATE)
   @Column(name = "CREATION_DATE", nullable =true)
   public Date getCreationDate() {
      return creationDate;
   }
   public void setCreationDate(Date creationDate) {
      this.creationDate = creationDate;
   }

   @Override
   public String toString() {
      return "Account [accno=" + accno + ", name=" + name + ", balance="
      + balance + ", creationDate=" + creationDate + "]";
   }
}

Account.hbm.xml
—Not Required—

AccountDAO.java
—Same As Above—

AccountService.iava
—Same As Above—

Hibernate – The type AnnotationConfiguration is deprecated Problem

Working with Hibernate 3.6, noticed the previous “org.hibernate.cfg. AnnotationConfiguration”, is marked as “deprecated”.

private static SessionFactory buildSessionFactory() {
   try {
      return new AnnotationConfiguration().configure().buildSessionFactory();
   } catch (Throwable ex) {
      System.err.println("Initial SessionFactory creation failed." + ex);
      throw new ExceptionlnlnitializerError(ex);
   }
}

The code is still working, just keep displaying the deprecated warning message, is there any replacement for “AnnotationConfiguration” ?

Solution

In Hibernate 3.6, “org.hibernate.cfg AnnotationConfiguration” is deprecated, and all its functionality has been moved to “org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration”. SO, you can safely replace your “AnnotationConfiguration” with “Configuration’ class.

private static SessionFactory buildSessionFactory() {
   try {
      return new Configuration().configure().buildSessionFactory();
   } catch (Throwable ex) {
      System.err.println("Initial SessionFactory creation failed." + ex);
      throw new ExceptionlnlnitializerError(ex);
   }
}
Setting Hibernate Environment


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